In some areas such as low-lying areas, or in places where there is a lot of snow and rapid melting takes place, basements and underground areas of a building can be prone to flooding. Thus, to prevent flooding from happening and to keep the area clean and dry, a device known as a sump pump (click here for Top 10 Sump Pumps reviews) is used to keep the water out of the basement or crawl area. Since water flows through migration by trickling down to the soil or through sump pit drains, the sump pump mainly pumps the water away from the building to the another area, away from the foundation of the building. Apart from domestic purposes, sump pumps are also used in commercial and industrial places mainly to control the water table in a specific region.
Let us take a look at how exactly a sump pump works and why you should consider getting one, if there is heavy flooding in your basement. A hole, about two feet deep and 18 inches wide is dug into the lowest part of your house’s crawlspace or basement. This is known as the sump pit. In this is inserted the sump pump. When the pit begins to fill with water, the pump automatically turns on. The water that starts accumulating in the pit starts moving the excess water through the pipes to a spot that is away from the house. Usually, the pipe has a one-way valve called a check valve at the end of the pipe, so that the water does not go back into the pit.
Some sump pumps come with a battery . However, the sump pumps that are widely available these days do not need batteries. Most sump pumps have a float activator arm or a pressure sensor that will trigger the pump to turn on automatically with the help of the house’s water supply pressure. When water hits the sensor, the pressure from the water is more than enough to turn the pump on. The mechanism of the float activator is similar to the one in a toilet tank. A ball that remains floating on top of the water moves the arm as the level of the water rises. However, you can also opt for a pump that can be operated manually, only when you turn it on, but these are not convenient. In the automatic pump system, you also get the option of activating the pump if the float arm sensor does not work.
The WAYNE CDU1000 1 HP CUP Submersible Sump Pump is capable of moving up to 5400 gallons per hour. It has a 3960 gallon per hour flow at a height of 10 feet, discharge lift. The pump weighs 20.6 pounds. It does not require a battery and has a manufacturer’s warranty for up to 5 years. This sump pump is available online on Amazon at a good price for approximately $187 and it is so far one of the best in the market and has been up-voted by many users.
This particular pump can be used in a sump pit of 11 inches diameter or also in larger sump basins. It has a unique design with a top suction system. It can filter out debris and other clogging particles, thus minimizing clogging. The suction also prevents air from locking in the system. The body is made of cast iron, thus giving it a great tensile strength and ability to withstand pressure and it also has stainless steel giving the product a long-term value as it does not corrode easily. It has good strength to weight advantage and is fire and heat resistant. All these features contribute in making it a sturdy submersible sump pump. It also has a vertical float switch.
Some of the basic considerations that you need to keep in mind regarding the maintenance of the sump pump are mostly basic and simple. On an average, try to do a thorough examination of the pump every year. If your pump is running more frequently, you should check its functioning more frequently. Also check that the float switch is clear of any obstructions. Clean excess sand and other debris to make sure that no clogging takes place.